Regarding citations for the comparison chart, effectiveness depends upon how success is measured (completion of the program, NO subsequent drug use, REDUCED subsequent drug use, no subsequent criminal activity, etc.), and also the profile of the patient (homeless addicts may do better in a residential program because it addresses two problems at once; people with dual-diagnosis may require psychiatric hospitalization, etc.). However the following three citations present a rational that may be helpful:
40%-60% of all (conventional) (inpatient, outpatient, hospital) rehab patients relapse according to the NIH’s National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Long-term drug use results in changes in the brain that persist long after a person stops using drugs. These drug-induced changes in brain function include an inability to exert control over the impulse to use drugs despite adverse consequences—the defining characteristic of addiction.
Substance disorders can be treated most cost-effectively in outpatient drug-free settings like NAD in Georgia.